The political space for women in Somalia increased significantly during the electoral process in 2016, as a result of intense advocacy efforts by women leaders, political candidates, the Ministry of Women and Human Rights Development, the ad-hoc electoral implementation teams and international partners.

After decades of civil war, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) was established in 2013. Among its mandated functions is to support the Federal Government of Somalia in the areas of peace- and state-building.